What Is science?
Science is an organized systematic enterprise that builds and develops knowledge in the form of predictions and testable predictions about the world. It is the application of scientific knowledge to solve the increasing problems of society. With a strong backing from research, it is believed that man can master the world of science and be able to understand nature and the laws which govern the behavior of living things.
The first two broad fields of science are Physics and Chemistry. In the physical aspect, there is the theory of relativity which includes space and time, the constituents of matter, general laws of physics, special relativity and also the theory of relativity. There are many branches of physics. These include applied physics, which is the study of scientific methods used in specific scientific disciplines; cognitive science, which study the mind and its processes; biological science, which studies the functions, structure and organization of living things; environmental science, which studies the relationships between human activities and environment; and social science, which studies society and culture. A major part of the curriculum of a University includes theses, which are student works of the preceding two fields. Other topics may also be introduced as part of the courses for various concentrations within science.
The second of the broad fields of science is physical sciences, which comprise the principles of nature and the laws governing the behavior of matter. It includes such sciences as astronomy, chemistry, physics, biology, nuclear engineering, environmental sciences, earth science, statistics, thermodynamics, aerology, earth sciences and astronomy. A major part of the curriculum of Universities includes physical science, with experiments and demonstrations on various physical subjects. It also includes courses for computer science, mathematics and physics.
There are many methods and techniques in practice for scientific practices. They include observational methods, experimental methods, quantitative methods, probability theories, and deductive and inductive methods. In addition to these, there are techniques of investigating the natural world such as using telescopes, satellites, aurora borealis, land surveys and geological information to support discoveries.
Biological sciences are the areas of study that focus on living organisms and their behaviors. Some examples of the various biological sciences are botany, biochemistry, chemistry, ecology, immunology, anatomy, ophthalmology, medical research and microbiology. The study of these areas of science involves the study of the development and function of living things. Some common tools and techniques used in the study of the biological world include genetics, micro-organisms, genetics, cell and molecular biology, physiology, pharmacology, nutrition, biochemistry, anatomy, Immunology, microbial, physical sciences and microbiology.
One of the broad fields of science is physical sciences, which encompasses the entire range of the physical sciences including aerospace science, astronomy, chemistry, geology, hydrology, physics, earth science and physical oceanography. Some physical sciences include space science, climate science, planetary science, marine sciences and solid earth sciences. Some topics that are studied in physical sciences include astronautics, space flight, astronomy and planetary science. Some branches of physical sciences include aerospace physics, fluid mechanics, heat flow, mechanics, nuclear physics, astronomical phenomena, solar physics, particle physics and photophysics. Some experimental techniques used in physical sciences include x-rays, ultrasound, gamma-ray, x-ray energy, charged particles, sound waves, infrared, magnetism, radio, television and microwaves.